After a quarter-century of fighting, Angola is slowly becoming a restored, self-sufficient country. The civil war among the Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola, the Frente Nacional de Libertação de Angola and the União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola broke out almost immediately following independence from Portugal in 1975 after 400 years of colonization. In 1991, these groups agreed to turn Angola into a multi-party state and President Jose Eduardo dos Santos of MPLA won U.N.-supervised elections. UNITA, however, claimed the elections were fraudulent and war ensued again. Although a ceasefire was declared in 2002, President dos Santos has not allowed a democratic process but pledges to hold legislative elections in 2006.
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 10
, Article 1.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol10/iss1/1