Geneva Call has been engaging armed non-state actors in a landmine ban since 2000. The Swiss-based nongovernmental organization was created in response to the realization that the landmine problem could only be comprehensively addressed if NSAs, who are the primary users of such weapons today, were included in the solution. To facilitate the process, Geneva Call has developed an innovative mechanism—the Deed of Commitment for Adherence to a Total Ban on Anti-Personnel Mines and for Cooperation in Mine Action—that enables NSAs, who cannot accede to the Ottawa Convention, to undertake to respect its norms.
"Engaging Armed Non-state Actors in a Landmine Ban: A Review of Geneva Call’s Action, 2000–2007,"
Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 12
, Article 27.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol12/iss1/27