This article examines the methods involved in using fluorescent bioprobes to detect explosive devices within soil. By genetically modifying plants through the injection of certain chemicals, visible responses indicate the presence and placement of explosive material, aiding demining agents in the process of mapping and removing various landmines or other explosive remnants of war. The adoption of these tools proves useful for stand-off detection of low TNT concentrations in the laboratory and controlled microcosm studies.
Smith, Clint and Tabb, Joel
"Using Encapsulated Fluorescent Bioprobes to Detect Explosive Materials in Soil,"
Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 15
, Article 22.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol15/iss1/22