After the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords on 14 December 1995, the newly formed Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina requested that the United Nations set up and manage a mine clearance program. However, it soon became clear that the government should take responsibility and ownership of the program.
The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina took place between April 1992 and October 1995. While the causes of the war and what happened are extremely complicated, Bosnian Serbs encircled Sarajevo and imposed a blockade, while ‘ethnic cleansing’ operations were undertaken by all sides in towns and villages throughout the country.
"The Early Years of Demining in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Transfer to National Ownership,"
Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 21
, Article 6.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol21/iss1/6