After Marshal Tito's death in 1980 and the collapse of the former Soviet Union, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) divided into five different countries: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and the Republic of Macedonia. After having declared its independence from SFRY in March 1992, BiH fought in a war that lasted over three-and-a-half years. This war destroyed families, communities and infrastructure and left the country littered with landmines and unexploded ordnance. After the Dayton agreement was signed on Dec. 14, 1995, the war officially ended and the country was divided into two entities: BiH and Republika Srpska. Most mine fields are found along the Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL) and the Zone of Separation (ZOS).
"Bosnia and Herzegovina,"
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 4
, Article 27.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol4/iss1/27