Conflicts existed between Ethiopia and Eritrea from 1935 until 1993, when Eritrea became an independent nation. In 1997, a trade war developed between the two nations, causing further disputes. Hostilities ceased in 2000, and the governments are now working to institute a clear borderline between the two countries. Meanwhile, mine action programs are being established to clear the large number of AT mines, AP mines and UXO that remain scattered along the border and throughout Ethiopia and Eritrea as a result of these and other conflicts.
"Ethiopia and Eritrea,"
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 6
, Article 39.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol6/iss2/39