The Brčko Municipality, located in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), was a fierce battleground during the war from 1992 to 1995. Because of the Brčko district’s unique, strategic and symbolic significance to all sides of the conflict, it was the only issue left unresolved by the Dayton Peace Accords that ended the war in December 1995, which had divided the country into two decentralized semi-autonomous “entities”: the Republika Srpska (populated mostly by Serbs) and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (populated mostly by Bosniaks and Croats).
"Mine Action in Bosnia’s Special District: A Case Study,"
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 7
, Article 7.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol7/iss2/7