Since the end of the monarchy in 1951, Nepal has faced governmental problems. A multi-party democracy was established in 1990, but since then Nepal has had 14 governments. A Maoist insurgency began in 1996 and has claimed thousands of civilian, government and rebel lives. In 2001, nine members of the royal family were killed in a shooting spree by Prince Diprendra, son of the late King Birendra, who then turned the gun on himself. The Maoist insurgency has tried to fill the void left by the monarchy and an ongoing struggle ties together the government and rebel groups, also known as non-state actors (NSAs).
"Non-State Actors in Nepal,"
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 8
, Article 26.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol8/iss2/26