Since the launch of the first-ever civilian mine action operations in Afghanistan in 1988, significant progress has been made to rid the world of this terrible weapon—a weapon that kills and maims so many and presents a persistent obstacle to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in many countries. Based on the successful advocacy of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and the organization's work with governments, 122 states banned the production, use and stockpiling of landmines by signing the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997. Today, just eight years later, 144 states have ratified or acceded to this Convention, while others are addressing the landmines issue through relevant protocols of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW).
"Mine Action: Success and Challenges,"
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 9
, Article 6.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol9/iss1/6