Date of Award
Doctor of Audiology (AuD)
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders
Lincoln C. Gray
Introduction: Auditory training has been extensively studied and applied to training software that is currently available for children with attention, hearing, or speech/language difficulties. The extent to which training generalizes, or transfers to an untrained task, is of great theoretical value. To our knowledge, there has not been a study that examines transference to a non-sensory masking task.
Methods: 16 adults without ADHD were trained in a contralateral masking task over the course of two days, with 900 trials per day. False alarm rates, thresholds, and reaction times were measured. Pre- and post-tests of contralateral and informational masking were conducted to evaluate improvement on the untrained task following training.
Results: Training generalized to the untrained task of informational masking. The results showed that informational and contralateral thresholds significantly improved following training.
Discussion: This paper demonstrates transference of learning across two non-sensory masking tasks. This is the beginning of determining the extent of generalization and limiting distractibility in non-sensory masking, and how that may influence the development of auditory training software.
Sanderson, Cara E., "Training to Avoid Distractions" (2015). Dissertations. 13.