Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Preferred Name

Trevor Haase


Date of Award

Fall 2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Educational Specialist (EdS)


Department of Graduate Psychology


Debbie Sturm

Lennis Echterling

Renee Staton


A large majority of the general population has endured at least one traumatic event in their lifetime and many will seek counseling services to process and resolve the impact from the traumatic experience. Counselors and mental health providers will likely encounter trauma survivors in a high frequency in the majority of therapeutic settings. Practicum and internship level counselors are often not prepared for navigating the complexities that arise working with trauma survivors. This paper outlines the various perspectives and practices of the works of Dr. Bessel van der Kolk, Narrative Therapy, and Trauma Focused-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. These orientations were designed to prepare counseling students to provide services to those seeking resolution to their trauma history. The purpose of this paper is to provide practicum and internship level students with an accessible tool to increase their awareness and understanding of various approaches to working with trauma, and to be able to ethically provide services for a likely client.