Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Award

Fall 2010

Document Type


Degree Name

Educational Specialist (EdS)


Department of Graduate Psychology


Michele Kielty Briggs

Lennis Echterling

Sandra Hite


Until recently, aggression in girls was primarily ignored in the literature. Social aggression in girls is prevalent and needs continuing attention. Social aggression can be particularly hurtful to girls as relationships and social groups are often of utmost importance in girls’ lives. Reasons for and themes of female aggression are explored in order to help school counselors identify factors behind aggressive acts. Signs of aggression in victims and the effects on both the victim and aggressor are reviewed in order to offer intervention efforts. Interventions that school counselors may implement include: training in assertiveness and problem solving; combating isolation; peer-based methods; and educating staff. A detailed friendship group manual for elementary school counselors is provided in the appendix.

Included in

Psychology Commons