The effect of electrically-braked cycle ergometers on the validity of the YMCA cycle ergometer test.
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Date of Award
Bachelor of Science (BS)
Department of Kinesiology
Christopher Womack, Ph.D.
Trent Hargens, Ph.D.
Kent Todd, Ph.D.
Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) serves as an accurate predictor of an individual’s cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and is typically measured via a maximal treadmill test. Due to costs, age and health limitations, submaximal tests (such as the YMCA test) can be administered to estimate VO2max values. There is much dispute regarding the validity and accuracy of these tests as estimators of CRF. This study investigated the effect of using an electrically-braked cycle ergometer on the validity of the YMCA cycle ergometer test. A population of healthy, fit college-aged individuals (n = 20) were administered one maximal treadmill test to obtain actual VO2max, and four submaximal tests following the YMCA protocol (2x Monark ergometer and 2x Viapsrint ergometer) to estimate VO2max. Overall this study observed estimated VO2max values obtained from the YMCA protocol underpredicts VO2max (regardless of whether the test is performed on either an electrically-braked or a mechanically-braked ergometer. Neither submaximal test showed a strong correlation (Monark: R = 0.53 & Viasprint: R = 0.30) with actual VO2max but the Monark test was more valid and reliable than the Viasprint test due to the lack of a significant validity and reliability coefficient for the electrically-braked ergometer protocol. Additionally, both submaximal tests showed relatively low reliability coefficients (Monark: R = 0.50 R; Viasprint: R = 0.42). The findings from this study indicate that the YMCA submaximal test needs to undergo improvements in order to serve as an accurate predictor of VO2max in this population.
Aymonin, Julia Catherine, "The effect of electrically-braked cycle ergometers on the validity of the YMCA cycle ergometer test." (2016). Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current. 176.