Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Award

Spring 2015

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (BS)


Department of Integrated Science and Technology


Paul Goodall


The purpose of this project is to assess the ability of Green Fence Farm, a 17 acre sustainable farming operation located in Greenville, VA, to become a net zero greenhouse gas farm operation. This project was conducted in several phases. First, the types and quantities of emissions were determined through an onsite fuel consumption evaluation and a greenhouse gas inventory of farm operations. Next, and calculations were used to determine the carbon sequestration capabilities of the soil and trees on the farm. Finally, ways to reduce emission and increase sequestration were examined with the intent of reaching net zero greenhouse gas emissions.

All of this information was used to develop a comprehensive plan for how Green Fence Farms can reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions through changes in farming practices, energy conservation and efficiency measures, fuel switching, and increasing carbon sequestration. The plan includes suggested steps to take, as well as economic analyses for each recommendation.

This project is of global significance because agriculture is one of the world’s leading sources of annual greenhouse gas emissions. Meeting the food and fiber needs of the world’s growing population will require the agricultural sector to grow. However, given that the effects of global climate change continues to worsen, it is imperative that while the agricultural sector grows, its emissions do not. Reducing the greenhouse gas emissions of small farming operations is one way to lessen the global impact of the agricultural sector.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.