Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation

Spring 2015

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)


School of Music


C. William Rice


This paper investigates the musical inspiration behind the collection of choros composed by American percussionist-composer, Gordon Stout. Three of Stout’s choros, Choro No. 1: Americana, Choro No. 3, and Choro No. 7: The Road Less Traveled are discussed in detail within the context of traditional Brazilian choro and the solo guitar pieces by Augusto Marcellino, which directly inspired Stout’s compositions. The research for this project included consulting musicological texts on choro, interviews with the composer and his colleague Pablo Cohen, listening to choro recordings, score study of traditional choro lead sheets, as well as the scores of Marcellino and Stout, and the performance of Marcellino’s Choro No. 9: Remeleixo and Stout’s Choros Nos. 1, 3, and 7. The paper shows the development of choro and its many representational roles in Brazil. The musical style and character of traditional Brazilian choro is then represented in the solo guitar choros of the Brazilian composer, Augusto Marcellino. Stout’s choros take elements of Brazilian popular music via Marcellino’s choros, and place them in a contemporary art music setting. The three forms of choro discussed in this paper, traditional choro roda, Marcellino’s solo guitar works, and Stout’s contemporary chamber works, all show the representational capabilities of music.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.