Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Date of Graduation

Fall 2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


School of Nursing


Maria G. DeValpine

Andrea Knopp


Appropriate breastfeeding has the potential to have the broadest impact on childhood survival in children under five years (U5Y) compared to all other preventive interventions. The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) recommend that all facilities providing maternal services and newborn care have a written policy addressing breastfeeding that is routinely disseminated to staff. Shirati hospital, in rural Tanzania, does not have a breastfeeding policy. Bardach’s 8-Fold Pathway for policy analysis methodology (adapted by Collins for health policy) was used to evaluate three promising breastfeeding policies to improve compliance with this recommendation. They include exclusive breastfeeding education, complementary food education, and community health worker (CHW) home visits. Analysis identified exclusive breastfeeding with adjunct complimentary food education as the most compelling policy to increase breastfeeding at Shirati hospital. With improved feeding practices, chronic malnutrition rates are expected to decline in and around Shirati.



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