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Building on a prior reports, surveys, and workshops, this NSF-funded GER Framework project engaged ~200 geoscience educators and researchers through a sequenced series of virtual and face-to-face events to share ideas, gain feedback, and create and revise priority research questions, or "Grand Challenges", that span 10 geoscience education research themes. For each theme, several Grand Challenges and recommended strategies have been proposed by the community. This framework development chapter describes the underlying project goal, its objectives, and its vision. It also outlines the processes used to develop the Framework and the intended scope and audience.