Low examinee effort in low-stakes assessment: Problems and potential solutions
Student test-taking motivation in low-stakes assessment testing is examined in terms of both its relationship to test performance and the implications of low student effort for test validity. A theoretical model of test-taking motivation is presented, with a synthesis of previous research indicating that low student motivation is associated with a substantial decrease in test performance. A number of assessment practices and data analytic procedures for managing the problems posed by low student motivation are discussed.
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Wise, S. L. & DeMars, C. E. (2005). Low examinee effort in low-stakes assessment: Problems and potential solutions. Educational Assessment, 10, 1-17.