Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Preferred Name


Date of Award

Spring 2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Department of Health Sciences


Janet Gloeckner

Connie Peterson

Michelle Hesse



Intervention(s): Data was collected using an online Qualtrics survey with a number of questions on demographics, sports participation, disordered eating and body dissatisfaction.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Means, standard deviations, and frequencies for all demographic information. Independent t-tests were conducted to compare: differences in disordered eating and body dissatisfaction between higher and lower performers.

Results: Higher performing athletes were not at greater risk of disordered eating or eating disorders (P>.05). No significant difference was found between higher and lower performers on EDE-Q average score, BSQ average score, or EDE-Q subscales. There was no difference found among cross-country athletes or swimming athletes. Females had higher scores in each area compared to males. Although gender differences were significantly different, alone, neither female nor male results reported a higher risk for disordered eating in the higher performing athletes.

Conclusions: Based on our findings, sport medicine departments should stress the importance of identifying eating disorders and disordered eating and make every attempt to identify athletes suffering. Future studies should examine which specific athletes in this subgroup are most at risk to provide the care they need.

Key Words: disordered eating, eating disorder, athletes, performance