Document Type



This historiographic essay examines the scholarly debate over pre-modern European “images,” or conceptions, of the Muslim World during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Adopting a thematic approach, this study is guided by four themes shared by two or more works. While this essay largely revolves around the image studies of Nancy Bisaha, Norman Daniel, and Robert Schwoebel, the interpretations of additional scholars are presented as well. Though points of convergence exists between the works presented here, far more telling is the fact that the sharp contrasts between these historians aptly illustrates the challenge of determining the precise nature of the pre-modern European image of Islam, with all its abstract complexity.

Medieval Canon Review.doc (35 kB)
Image of muslims review1.doc (35 kB)
This is the correct submission. I accidentally uploaded the other ones.