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Freeland, Edward D.




1 audio file (running time: 1:08:34)

Interview Number


Location of Interview

The Mimslyn Hotel in Luray, Virginia

Date of Interview



Records an interview with Edward D. Freeland, Superintendent of Shenandoah National Park from 1942 to 1950. Mr. Freeland describes conditions at the park at the beginning of World War II. With the onset of the war, the federal government ended the Civilian Conservation Corps project, (CCC), the single largest source of labor for the National Park Service, as most CCC personnel went into the armed services. The CCC laborers were eventually replaced by men from the Civilian Public Service, (CPS), the national program through which conscientious objectors could perform their national service. Gas rationing and travel restrictions greatly reduced the number of visitors to the park during the war years. Discusses the controversy surrounding post-war racial integration of the park, the creation and expansion of Skyline Drive and the Appalachian trail, living conditions among the local mountain people prior to the establishment of the park and the activities of local moonshiners. Numerous individuals associated with Shenandoah National Park, the National Park Service and the Virginia Sky-Line Company are mentioned throughout the interview.


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Personal Names

Freeland, Edward D., (Edward Dixon), 1906-1986, Interviews


United States. National Park Service; Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- Virginia -- Shenandoah National Park – History; Civilian Public Service – History; Virginia Sky-Line Company – History; Conscientious objectors -- Virginia – History; Segregation -- Virginia – History; Mountain people -- Blue Ridge Mountains -- Social life and customs; Mountain life -- Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.) – History; Mountain people -- Virginia -- Shenandoah National Park -- Social life and customs; Distilling, Illicit – Virginia; Land use -- Government policy – Virginia.

Place Names

Shenandoah National Park (Va.) -- History, Local; Appalachian Trail – History; Skyline Drive (Va.) – History.


Lambert, Darwin, 1916-2007


Gutshall, Chelsea

Collection Title

Shenandoah National Park oral history collection

Collection Number

SdArch SNP

Streaming Media

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(SNP014) Edward D. Freeland interviewed by Darwin Lambert, transcribed by Chelsea Gutshall



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