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Early, Mary; Conyer, George A.




1 audio file (running time: 0:31:54)

Interview Number


Date of Interview



Records the reminiscences of Mary Early, (née Leonard), who lived in New Hope, not far from the Black Rock Springs Hotel, in Black Rock Gap, Virginia. The Black Rock Springs Hotel was a popular tourist destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, both for its scenic views and for the natural mineral springs for which it was named. Mrs. Early recounts her memories of the grounds and buildings and the popularity of the site in the years following the hotel's destruction by fire in 1909. Includes references to people associated with the hotel and springs, as well as many of the families and local people who lived near the hotel in its heyday. The site where the hotel stood was incorporated into Shenandoah National Park in the 1930s. Joining Mrs. Early in the interview is her son-in-law, George Coyner.


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Personal Names

Early, Mary, 1883-1983; Coyner, George A., (George Archibald) 1906-1979

Family Names

Early family; Coiner family


Black Rock Springs Hotel (Va.) – History; Hotels -- Virginia – History; Health resorts -- Virginia – History; Mineral springs -- Virginia – History; Mountain life -- Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.) – History; Mountain people -- Virginia -- Shenandoah National Park -- Social life and customs; Distilling, Illicit -- Virginia – Anecdotes.

Place Names

Black Rock Springs Gap (Va.) – History; Black Rock Springs Gap (Va.) -- Social life and customs; Jarman Gap (Va.) – History; Jarman Gap (Va.) -- Social life and customs; Shenandoah National Park (Va.) -- History, Local; Augusta County (Va.) – History; Albemarle County (Va.) – History; Skyline Drive (Va.) – History; Blue Ridge Mountains -- Economic conditions; Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.) – History.


Moody, Amanda


Giroux, Allie; Edwards Victoria M.

Collection Title

Shenandoah National Park oral history collection

Collection Number

SdArch SNP

Streaming Media

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(SNP028) Mary Early and George A. Coyner, interviewed by Amanda Moody, transcribed by Allie Giroux and Victoria M. Edwards



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