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Abstract

he Solomon Islands encompass over 900 islands scattered across the ocean north of Australia and east of Papua New Guinea. Many of the 500,000 inhabitants still live with unknown quantities of explosive remnants of war (ERW) left behind from combat between Japan and the United States during World War II. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) of both U.S. and Japanese origin remains on some of the nation’s atolls.1,2 Since the end of the war, sporadic clearance was undertaken, including through Operation Render Safe, a joint clearance program between Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. There have also been a number of commercial clearance projects. For the last five years, the international clearance organization Golden West Humanitarian Foundation (Golden West), supported by the U.S. Department of State, is working alongside the Royal Solomon Islands Police Force to address the problem on a more systemic scale. This operation focuses on heavily contaminated areas on the island of Guadalcanal.

 

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