The aftermath of the Russian withdrawal from Afghanistan in 1989 marks the start of the United Nations’ involvement in mine action. In the early 1990s, programmes started in Cambodia, Mozambique and Angola, and in 1996 in Bosnia. Today, the United Nations supports mine action in 35 countries. During the past 15 years, the United Nations has learned many lessons in mine action—some the hard way.
"From Demining to Mine Action: The Development of Mine Action and the Role of the United Nations,"
Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 9
, Article 17.
Available at: http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol9/iss1/17