Partially-compensatory multi-dimensional IRT models: Two alternate model forms
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Partially compensatory models may capture the cognitive skills needed to answer test items more realistically than compensatory models, but estimating the model parameters may be a challenge. Data were simulated to follow two different partially compensatory models, a model with an interaction term and a product model. The model parameters were then estimated for both models and for the compensatory model. Either the model used to simulate the data or the compensatory model generally had the best fit, as indexed by information criteria. Interfactor correlations were estimated well by both the correct model and the compensatory model. The predicted response probabilities were most accurate from the model used to simulate the data. Regarding item parameters, root mean square errors seemed reason-able for the interaction model but were quite large for some items for the product model. Thetas were recovered similarly by all models, regardless of the model used to simulate the data.
DeMars, C. E. (2016). Partially-compensatory multi-dimensional IRT models: Two alternate model forms. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 76, 231-257