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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Award

Fall 2012

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Department of Integrated Science and Technology

Abstract

The most significant anthropogenic greenhouse gas causing global warming is carbon dioxide (CO2). Due to the increase of burning of fossil fuels by industries, the atmospheric CO2 concentration increased by more than 30% in 10 years and is expected to continue to increase. This dissertation analyses a sensor unit used to monitor the emission levels of carbon dioxide from the Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC) coal fired power plant which is located in the southern part of India. Most of India’s power generation sectors are based on coal fired power plants. The NLC power plant is owned by the central government of India. It can produce a maximum electric power of 2490MW. The power plant lets out significant CO2 emissions while generating electricity. These carbon dioxide emissions are the root cause for the greenhouse effect. To control the carbon dioxide emissions, in this dissertation a sensor has been designed, analysed and used to monitor the CO2 emission levels from the Neyveli Lignite Corporation. This dissertation focuses on the design and implementation of the CO2 sensor using various electronic components. In NLC, this CO2 sensor was kept under observation and tested. The CO2 emissions measured by the sensor were analysed to monitor CO2 emissions from the Neyveli Lignite Corporation and to guide measures and policy for future scenarios. This dissertation identifies and examines the CO2 emission levels and the possible environmental impacts. It also describes the advantages/disadvantages of the CO2 sensor and how this could guide the possible reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to meet a green environment agenda in the future. Key environmental concerns in the coal-power sector in India include air pollution (primarily from the flue gas emissions of particulates, carbon dioxide emissions, sulphur oxides, nitrous and other hazardous chemicals) which has led to increased particulate pollution and ash disposal problems. The enforcement of regulations to reduce CO2 emissions has been weak in the southern part of India.

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