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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Award

Spring 2010

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Department of Kinesiology

Abstract

Context: Deep oscillation therapy is a novel form of therapy that claims to reduce the amount of pain and swelling in acute orthopedic injuries. However, these claims are based on anecdotal evidence and there have not been any published studies on the efficacy of deep oscillation therapy in reduction of pain and swelling. Due to the prevalence of ankle sprains in physically active individuals, this study compared the effect of deep oscillation therapy in reduction of pain and swelling to conventional treatment. Objective: To compare the effect of deep oscillation therapy on pain and swelling resulting from acute ankle sprains to conventional therapy consisting of cryotherapy and compression. Methodology: Volunteers were healthy, physically active, college students with acute ankle sprains, ranging in age from 18-25. Volunteers were randomly assigned to a control group (11 volunteers) or a treatment group (10 volunteers). The control group was treated with conventional cryotherapy and compression therapy and a placebo deep oscillation therapy treatment. The treatment group was treated with conventional treatment and deep oscillation therapy. Each group was treated two times a day for a five-day treatment period. Measurements: Objective data for swelling measurements was obtained through the use of the figure-of-eight girth measurement reported in centimeters. Subjective data for pain measurements was obtained utilizing a verbal numeric pain scale (0-10). Measurements were taken before and after every treatment administered. Findings: There was not a significant difference in girth measurements or perceived pain between the two groups over the five-day treatment period. Future Recommendations: 1) Utilize a more sensitive measurement tool for swelling. 2) Investigate injuries that have more measurable swelling.

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