After Hungary formally closed its border with Serbia on 15 September 2015, refugees fleeing conflict in the Middle East, Central Asia and Northern Africa have turned next to Croatia as a gateway to reach countries such as Sweden and Germany. The influx of refugees traversing the areas near the Croatia-Serbia border has raised concerns that refugees will encounter residual landmine contamination in Croatia as they make their way to Slovenia and Hungary. The contamination dates back to the four-year conflict which followed the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia from 1991 to 1995. The Croatian Mine Action Centre (CROMAC) estimates that there are more than 50,000 mines remaining in Croatia, amounting to a total suspected hazardous area of 496.8 km that spans 75 cities and municipalities across 10 counties.
"Landmines in Croatia Pose Threat to Incoming Refugees,"
The Journal of ERW and Mine Action
: Vol. 19
, Article 16.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol19/iss3/16