Within the Eastern Europe, Caucasus, and Central Asia (EECCA) region, fifteen countries affected by landmines and/or explosive remnants of war (ERW) use Russian as a communication language: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Mines and ERW pose a serious hazard to the lives and livelihoods of the people in the EECCA. Residual contamination impacts many of the countries. In Belarus for instance, 20,879 items of unexploded ordnance (UXO) were found and destroyed in 2014. Significant amounts of UXO were also recovered from Estonia, Moldova and Russia. More recent conflicts led to considerable mine and ERW contamination in countries such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. In Ukraine, clearance priorities from the current conflict superseded clearance of WWII ERW. In 2014, 36,500 items of UXO in the areas of Donetsk and Luhansk were reportedly destroyed.



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