Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) has been operational in improvised explosive device (IED) clearance in Hamdaniya, Iraq, since January 2017. Additionally, MAG (Mines Advisory Group) has operated in the same area clearing IEDs since September 2015 and has had operations in many parts of both Iraq and Syria. Other nongovernmental organizations (NGO) clearing IEDs include Handicap International and the Swiss Foundation for Mine Action (FSD). Without question, IED clearance is now an established part of humanitarian mine action (HMA). Yet this does not mean HMA should adopt the full spectrum of IED disposal (IEDD) operations. Rather, NGOs can provide invaluable capacity only within the appropriate humanitarian context.
McInally, Craig and Risser, Hans
"Humanitarian Mine Action and IEDs,"
The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 21
, Article 10.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol21/iss3/10