Landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) are estimated to affect the lives of two million people in Eastern Ukraine, restricting freedom of movement and access to key infrastructure and livelihoods.1 Estimates on casualties vary widely and are often inconsistent. Nevertheless, estimates range between 1,600 and 3,600 military personnel and civilians who have fallen victim to mines and ERW since 2014.2
Recent contamination in the region is the result of the ongoing conflict between Ukrainian government forces and pro-Russian separatists in Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts.3 Although the full extent of contamination is unknown, conservative estimates suggest that about 20 sq km (7.72 sq mi) are contaminated.4
Currently, at least three government institutions are directly involved with humanitarian demining, with the support of three international NGOs.5 Many more organizations are involved in mine risk education (MRE), victim assistance, stockpile destruction, advocacy and training, advisory, and coordination of the mine action program. However, until January 2019, there was no strong legal framework to orchestrate these efforts.3 This article describes the current legal framework for mine action in Ukraine, analyzes the legislative process and bureaucratic impediments, and briefly discusses the different prospects of the newly adopted mine action law.
"Ukraine's Newly Adopted Mine Action Law: What Does This Mean for HMA Programs?,"
Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 23
, Article 7.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol23/iss1/7