Non-state armed groups (NSAGs)2 have become the most frequent users of landmines and the main drivers of new landmine contamination. Often portrayed as the “perfect soldier” due to their low cost, easy availability, and high lethality, landmines have become the weapon of choice of many rebel groups. An initial assessment by Geneva Call reported that, in 2005, at least sixty rebel groups in twenty-four countries had used mines. 3-5 In contrast with state governments, rebels have considerably less incentives to comply with existing humanitarian norms.6 Engaging them in restricting or renouncing the use of landmines remains one of the most pressing practical obstacles toward a mine-free world.



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