All modern conflicts bring dangers of explosive remnants of war (ERW), including unexploded ordnance (UXO), abandoned explosive ordnance (AXO), improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and/or landmines, and the conflict in eastern Ukraine is no exception. While the conflict is still ongoing, it is currently in a state of relative stalemate, limited to shelling, sniper fire, and small skirmishes along the 280-mile line of contact.¹ However, civilians are still directly at risk as a result of military actions but also indirectly as a result of ERW and landmines, which are scattered across the region due to the frequent shifting of the line of contact that occurred during the early stages of the conflict. Kicked-out munitions from unplanned explosions at ammunition stores also pose a threat to civilians across the country.
"Explosive Ordnance Risk Education in Ukraine During the COVID-19 Pandemic,"
The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 25
, Article 11.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol25/iss1/11
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