The 1992-1995 Yugoslav wars resulted in landmines and explosive remnants of war that continue to contaminate the Balkans. In 2021—over 25 years after the end of the wars—the Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor considered Bosnia and Herzegovina to be the most explosive ordnance-contaminated country in Europe, and characterized the landmine contamination alone as "massive." As of March 2022, The Landmine Monitor reported that Bosnia and Herzegovina had more than 945 km2 of suspected hazardous areas (SHA) and more than 20 km2 of confirmed hazardous areas.
"The Road Ahead: Clearance Toward Sustainability in Bosnia and Herzegovina,"
The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 27
, Article 11.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol27/iss1/11
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