Accessible pdf attached.
The legacy of unexploded ordnance (UXO) and abandoned ammunition following armed conflict will, in many cases, have a severe impact on society and daily life, even for years or decades after hostilities end. These explosive remnants of war (ERW) represent a grave threat in many aspects, and the human, societal, and environmental impact can be severe. These explosive objects must therefore be located and disposed of—a job in itself that involves serious risks. Therefore, various safety measures are implemented to mitigate these risks. Some safety measures, however, could prove to have less than the desired effect, and in the worst cases, could even increase the risk.
Novik, Lieutenant Colonel Geir P.
"When a Safety Measure Becomes a Risk Accelerant: Removing the Option to Blast-in-Place When Clearing Explosive Remnants of War,"
The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction: Vol. 27
, Article 5.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol27/iss1/5