Some of the landmines uncovered in Iraq in recent years date as far back as World War II and many are left over from previous conflicts that were meant to isolate or expel citizens from the country. In the 1960s and 1970s, Iraqis utilized landmines against Kurdish mountain fighters to prevent military action by the Kurds. Numerous mines were laid during the Iraq/Iran war of 1980–1988, as well.
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 9
, Article 43.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol9/iss1/43