During the past 30 years, from the revolution to the period of civil confrontation in 1994, Yemen has witnessed a number of conflicts, each leaving behind a significant level of problems with mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW). In 2000, a Landmine Impact Survey (LIS) was carried out in Yemen. The survey provided vital information about the landmine and ERW impact on the Yemeni communities. A total of 592 communities were identified as heavily impacted by landmines and ERW. Fourteen communities, with a population totaling 36,000, were found to be highly impacted, while medium or low impact was reported in 578 communities with a population totaling 791,400. Although the total number of mine/ERW casualties was not precisely known, the LIS reports indicated the number of mine and ERW casualties to be as high as 5,000 over the previous 10 years, with 200 casualties from 1999 to 2000. A large number of the casualties are believed to be women and children; farming and grazing are the main activities affected by landmines.



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