Mines, UXO and improvised explosive devices are explosive hazards that have proliferated for many decades. In a post-conflict scenario, these are sometimes known collectively as explosive remnants of war. While global initiatives have limited the spread of certain types of devices (especially anti-personnel mines), a considerable problem still exists and will continue for many years to come.
"Blast Protection for UXO Operations Including Demining,"
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 9
, Article 52.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol9/iss2/52