Preferred Name

Agnes Carbrey

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Educational Specialist (EdS)


Department of Graduate Psychology


Debbie C. Sturm

Amanda Evans

Lennis Echterling


This paper describes expressive arts therapies that are interventions for the treatment of trauma. A literature review of this broad topic is narrowed to define art therapy used in conjunction with talk therapy, and provides brief examples from dance movement therapy, visual arts therapy, poetry-journaling-storytelling therapy, and sound-music therapy. Recent innovations in the field include the use of body-oriented interventions and group processes. When thinking about trauma, the body is a positive and negative reservoir of memory, and trauma may be trapped in the body. The author reviews the overlap between contemporary art, contemporary dance movement analysis, and forms of innovative art therapy where the medium of art is employed to express non-verbal emotional states. Expressive arts therapy and performance art may also share as a focus, movement as an agent of change, and healing through the supportive interaction of the participants. In the appendix, the author has proposed a series of art experiential tools for counselors.