Preferred Name

Anna Cruise

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation

Spring 2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Department of Graduate Psychology


Trevor Stokes


Literature on escape-maintained behaviors suggest a variety of treatments for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the clinical and home settings. Effective interventions include, but are not limited to, functional communication training, differential reinforcement of other or alternate behaviors, noncontingent escape or reinforcement, and positive reinforcement. All utilizing behavior analytic principles, the interventions work to decrease the problem behavior being maintained by negative reinforcement. The current study examined varying schedules of noncontingent delivery of positive reinforcers in the participants’ classroom to increase on-task behavior during academic demands, while decreasing disruptive escape behaviors. The conditions were introduced with one participant using a reversal (ABCBCB) design. This project contributes to the understanding of procedures used to target behaviors maintained by negative reinforcement in the special education learning environment.



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