Preferred Name

Carolann R. Baldridge

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation

Spring 2015

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)


Department of Learning, Technology and Leadership Education


Noorjehan Brantmeier


The current study explores the factors that drive Division I collegiate athletes to be competitive. Student-athletes from James Madison University, both at the club and varsity levels were surveyed in this study. There were 129 total student athletes that participated (67 males and 62 females). Exactly 89 participants were varsity athletes and 40 were club athletes. Athletes were presented with an in-person survey that included several demographic questions followed by the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ). The TEOSQ scored athletes on their task and ego orientation during sport participation. The quantitative results of this study do not show a significant correlation between task and ego orientations between male and female athletes at both the varsity and club levels. Independent samples t-tests were run to determine statistical differences between males and females on the task and ego subscales of the TEOSQ. One-way ANOVAs were used to determine if there were any significant differences among task and ego orientation among the three club teams as well as between the varsity teams. There were no significant differences seen except for a p value of .010 between varsity men’s baseball and varsity women’s golf.

Keywords: task orientation, ego orientation, achievement motivation, goal theory, motivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, amotivation, and coach-athlete relationship



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