Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation

Spring 2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)


Department of Educational Foundations and Exceptionalities


Keri Bethune

Tiara Brown

Jen Newton


The purpose of this research was to replicate a study by Ward, Parker, and Perdikaris (2017), which focused on a reactive substitute to conventional forms of escape extinction for primarily escape-maintained noncompliance behavior through using a wait out procedure, as well as to add to the literature for reactive procedures aimed to decrease noncompliant behaviors for students with disabilities in a school setting. This experiment included a multielement graphical design that contained partial-interval data of noncompliance behavior in baseline, and in two interventions to determine if there was a change in noncompliance behavior following the introduction of each intervention; the wait out procedure when the participants were allowed to leave the workspace, and the wait out procedure when they were not permitted to leave the workspace. Participants in the study included three male students ranging from elementary to high school who were diagnosed with ASD, Speech-Language Impairment, and MD that had escape-maintained noncompliant behaviors and attended a private school for children with problematic behaviors. The results demonstrated a decrease in one of the participants’ noncompliance behaviors, and no significant decrease in the second and third participants’. There were no clear differences between the participants’ noncompliance behavior in each different intervention. Future recommendations for research include implementing these procedures with participants with less severe problem behaviors and more teacher-pleasing behaviors, including the participants’ teacher(s) in the intervention process, conducting FBAs and FAs to better understand the functions of the participants’ noncompliance prior to intervening, conducting research in a different setting and/or separate rooms within the school, and including additional dependent variables.



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