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Centers and Organizations, Advocacy and International Law, Norwegian People's Aid, NPA, Nuclear, 2019
Nuclear disarmament, including the elimination of all nuclear weapons and related development programmes, has been a central goal of the international community for decades. Under international law, only the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) obligates all its states parties to destroy all nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices under their jurisdiction or control and to never develop, produce, or control any such devices, much less test or use them. This comprehensive rejection by law of a uniquely inhumane and indiscriminate weapon is the embodiment of Article VI of the 1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), a legally binding provision that has been violated by nuclear-armed states for far too long.
Using the TPNW as a yardstick against which progress towards a world without nuclear weapons may be measured, the Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor records progress related to signature, ratification, entry into force, and universalization of the Treaty. It also evaluates the compatibility of each state’s behaviour with the prohibitions of the TPNW, regardless of whether the state in question has adhered to the Treaty.