Document Type


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Publication Date



DDAS, 2008, Afghanistan, excavation, PMN, AP


The primary cause of this accident is listed as a Field Control Inadequacy because the Victim was working with his visor raised (or not worn) and using a pick to investigate a metal-detector reading incautiously. The secondary cause is listed as Inadequate equipment because no alternative to a pick for starting a safe excavation in hard ground was made available.



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