The inadequate management of conventional ammunition results in negative consequences such as diversion to illicit groups and unplanned explosions at munitions sites (UEMS). Both diversion and unintended blasts can result in a severe humanitarian impact, undermine development efforts, compromise defense capabilities, and lead to instability.

In recognition of this recurring danger, political, normative, and operational efforts have increased to promote the safe and secure management of ammunition (SSMA). As the issue enjoys greater national, regional, and international attention, stakeholders should simultaneously take stock of achievements, consider if current efforts address the challenges at hand, and appreciate what further steps are needed to achieve greater success.

This article builds on a Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) study depicting the current state of SSMA. It reviews recent normative developments and identifies capacity and implementation gaps for further consideration by relevant stakeholders.



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