On December 3, 1997, the Philippines signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention to end mine use in the country. However, implementation of this act did not come soon enough to prevent the loss of innocent lives from terrorist attacks that began in the early 1990s and continue through today. In the Philippines, several main rebel groups terrorize the countryside, creating havoc in order to further their own interests. They are non-state actors (NSAs), rebel groups who fight for certain beliefs. Geneva Call defines a NSA as "any armed actor operating outside state control that uses force to achieve it political/quasi-political objectives. They include armed groups, rebel groups, liberation movements and de facto governments."
"Non-State Actors in the Philippines,"
Journal of Mine Action
: Vol. 8
, Article 30.
Available at: https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cisr-journal/vol8/iss2/30