Preferred Name

Brenna Murray

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Audiology (AuD)


Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders


Erin Piker

Chris Clinard

Yingjiu Nie


While cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) testing has largely been studied and practiced on the adult population, less is known about the best practices for performing cVEMPs on a pediatric population, especially in young children under the age of 5 years. Further, very young children (i.e., 2-3 years) often prefer to sit with their caregiver during the testing, yet there is very little data on how much electromyographic (EMG) activity a child generates if in a seated position as opposed to a supine position. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of EMG on cVEMP recordings in pre-school aged children in a seated, head-turned position. Additionally, the pediatric data was then compared to a cohort of normative adult cVEMP results to determine if there were significant differences between the groups. We collected cVEMPs in a sample of children ages 3 – 5 years using an air-conducted 500 Hz tone burst. Children sat upright either alone or in their care giver’s lap. Results showed the levels of tonic EMG in a seated, head-turned position were adequate to generate a cVEMP that was symmetrical between sides and comparable to adult data. While there was no observable effect of amplitude normalization techniques on cVEMP mean interaural amplitude asymmetry, amplitude normalization reduced intersubject variability and there were individual cases where monitoring and correcting for EMG made a clinically significant difference in test interpretation.



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