Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Department of Graduate Psychology


A. Renee Staton

Robin Anderson

Amanda Evans

Tiffany Hornsby


There is a growing trend in the counseling research that addresses the importance of multicultural counseling and specifically the need for effective work with African American clients (Chang, Hays, & Shoffner, 2004). More specifically, attention should be given to African American supervisees in cross-racial supervisory relationships who experience complex forms of discrimination due to the differing cultural identities within the supervisory relationship. While also meeting the needs of the African American clients, increased representation in the field could also be beneficial for the counseling profession and support the growth and development of same race clinicians. This influx of African American clinicians will also increase the population of supervisors. In fulfillment of dissertation research and to continue enhancing the research for cross-racial supervisory practices, this study aimed to investigate the lived experiences of seven African American supervisees in cross-racial supervisory relationships. Through a phenomenological study, twelve themes emerged from data collected via individual interviews. Implications of these findings for counseling supervision, including engaging in cultural discussions, are discussed.



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