Senior Honors Projects, 2020-current

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (BS)


Department of Psychology


David E. Szwedo

Jeffrey S. Dyche

Monica J. Reis-Bergen


Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a common topic in research investigating outcomes of abused or traumatized children. Previous literature on ACEs have established that high levels of ACEs are associated with both higher levels of problem behaviors in adulthood and lower quality of support in romantic relationships in adolescence/early adulthood. However, the potential for high levels of romantic support and other healthy relationship qualities to act as a buffer against the negative effects of ACEs on later problem behaviors has yet to be addressed in the literature. Thus, the present study utilizes data from an ongoing longitudinal study on social relationships and related variables to examine the moderating effect of perceived support and observed instrumental and emotional support on later engagement in problem behaviors. The results provided evidence for support to act as a buffer as was hypothesized, but they also demonstrated potential to increase further engagement in problem behaviors.



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