Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Preferred Name - First Author

Elverum, Claire

Date of Award

Spring 2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Department of Political Science


Melinda Adams, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Political Science

Robert Alexander, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Political Science

Jennifer Coffman, Ph.D., Associate Professor, ISAT, GS


The Green Belt Movement (GBM) in Kenya and the Chipko movement in India are two examples of social movements that support the ecofeminist ideology. Both of these environmental movements began under similar circumstances at around the same time, but they are now very different. While the GBM broadened its focus beyond planting trees and gained widespread international attention, the Chipko movement maintained its central focus on protecting trees and remained relatively decentralized and informal. This paper uses these two social movements to explore which factors most influence social movement success and international reach.



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